THOMAS CRAMPTON’S OTHER INVENTIONS
In addition to his railway career he laid the first successful international sub sea telegraph cable to France and built the water supply for Berlin. He also invented a furnace for burning powered fuel, revolving furnaces for the manufacture of iron and steel brick making machinery, cast iron forts, and an automatic hydraulic tunnel boring machine on which modern drilling techniques are bases.
Thomas Crampton was awarded the Legion d’Honneur by Napoleon III and the Order of the Red Eagle by the Kaiser.
With thanks to Roger Johnson for his research.